Neurodegenerative Disease Do You Know Anyone?
Do you know anyone with a neurogenerative disorder?
Neurodenerative Diseases, the two most common being Alzheim’ers and Parkinson’s, are increasing in the amount of people with these diseases.
Parkinson’s disease is the most common neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer’s disease. The prevalence is estimated at 0.3% of the US population, rising to 1% in those over 60 years of age and up to 4% in those above the age of 80. The mean age of onset is ~55 years although it can begin as early as 20-50 years of age for a few people.
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system that leads to impaired motor skills, cognitive processes and other functions. The neurodegenerative disorder is a result of the loss of dopamine-producing neurons in the brain. The basal ganglia contain the most amount of dopamine because they are responsible for motor coordination. A depletion of dopamine in the basal ganglia makes it more difficult to control movements at appropriate times.
How Do You Lose Neurons?
One mechanism by which neurons die in the brain includes an abnormal accumulation of the protein alpha-synuclein. Accumulation of this protein form clusters called Lewy bodies. As the disease progresses, Lewy bodies form in areas of the brain responsible for motor coordiation, the basal ganglia. The accumulation of Lewy bodies cause cell death by suffocated and infection health neurons. This ultimately leads to a decrease in the production of dopamine, making motor coordination more difficult.
Alzheimer’s is a neurodegenerative disease that is characterized as memory loss. Scientists or doctors do not know exactly what causes Alzheimer’s but there are some people at an increased risk for developing it such as a family history of this disease.
Read ways to Improve Your Health and decrease the risk of these neurodegenerative disorders.