Prevalence of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis epidemiology – Defined as how often the disease occurs among a population
Osteoporosis epidemiology should be considered when looking at our generations future. Osteoporosis is a common and silent disorder that is associated with an increased rate of bone fractures. Osteoporosis is responsible for over 1.5 million fractures in the United States annually which results in direct health care costs of over $17 billion per year.
As the population ages it is expected that these numbers will increase and the prevalence of osteoporosis will increase. The most common sites of fractures include the spine, hip and wrist although all sites can be affected. It is estimate that approximately one in five Caucasian women in the United States have the disease and the prevalence of osteoporosis related vertebral fracture in postmenopausal women is greater than 20%. Approximately one third to one half of osteoporosis cases in men and half of all cases in women are due to secondary causes.
Osteoporosis epidemiology is important because it can affect so many people. This is why it is important for the population to receive enough calcium and vitamin D in their diet. The group of people that have the highest risk should receive daily intake of calcium and vitamin D. The highest risk factor of osteoporosis is post menopausal women. After menopause, women tend to have a decrease in the production of estrogen. This decrease in estrogen in turn causes calcium and vitamin D deficiency.
Read how to avoid osteoporosis and other conditions: Health And Fitness Tips