Skin Pigmentation Problems: Causes and Possible Treatments

Skin PigmentationSkin pigmentation simply means the coloring of the skin. Melanin is the skin pigment that determines our skin color. If the cells producing melanin become damaged, that can affect melanin production. This, in turn, can have an effect on the skin coloring. Skin pigmentation disorders can affect different parts of the body, sometimes just patches or selected areas, or at times affecting the whole body.

Here are a few common types of skin pigmentation disorders, their causes, and possible treatments.

Hyperpigmentation 

This skin condition is caused by increased melanin production. As the cells produce too much melanin, this triggers the skin to get darker. Pregnancy can be a natural cause of higher melanin production and hyperpigmentation. Over exposure to sunlight can also worsen this condition as it can darken further already affected areas. Some medication and drugs, such as antibiotics and anti-malaria drugs, are also said to cause this skin condition.

Chloasma or melasma is a typical type of hyperpigmentation. This condition causes the tanned or brown patches on the skin, most typically on the face area. Pregnant women are mostly susceptible to this condition, but even men can also develop this skin problem. Hydroquinone and other prescription creams are commonly used to treat this problem, but it typically fades away for women after their pregnancy.

If you suffer from melasma, be sure to avoid too much sun exposure, especially during those times when the sun’s rays are most damaging and intense. Use sunscreens with high SPF at all times, especially those that contain zinc oxide or titanium dioxide.

Hypopigmentation

If hyperpigmentation is characterized by increased melanin and skin darkening, hypopigmentation is the opposite: this condition involves a lower melanin production and lightening of skin color. There are different types of this disorder, and these include the following:

Albinism is a condition that is caused by a lack of melanin, which gives the skin, hair, and eyes their color. Genetic mutations or abnormal genes cause the faulty function of the melanin-producing cells in the body. There is no treatment for this condition, as it is a genetic disorder. People with albinism are highly susceptible to skin damage and skin cancer, so protection and skin care must always be maintained.

Melanin cells are destroyed for people with vitiligo pigmentation disorder. This condition is generally characterized by white patches on the skin which appear on different parts of the body. Main cause of vitiligo is still not known, but there are several scientific theories and speculations. These include 1) having a certain group of genes that make the person at risk of this condition, 2) vitiligo as an auto-immune diseases, and 3) that this condition is likely triggered by emotional distress and sun damage. Medical therapies and depigmentation procedures are the popular treatment options for this condition.

Skin damage

Constant exposure to sun, use of certain skin productions, skin infection, blisters, or skin trauma may cause skin damage leading to pigmentation problems on some affected body parts. This pigment loss, though, is considered temporary, though some conditions my require a longer time to repigment. Skin pigmentation removal Sydney is among the most popular treatment to effectively and easily address this problem.

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About the author:

As a digital marketer and online content writer, Tin likes to share her insights on a variety of topics. She currently writes for Heber Davis, a trusted non-surgical cosmetic medicine clinic in Australia. You can find her on Twitter and Google+.