Types Of Exercises And Their Importance

Aerobic exercisingHave you ever wondered why any typical workout routine includes a variety of activities that cover the three main types of exercise; anaerobic, stretching, and aerobic exercise? Isn’t there an easy way to just roll them all up into one form of exercise and get it over with? Well, probably not. Our bodies react differently to the three basic types of exercises and one cannot substitute for other. Hence the reason why personal trainers ensure they incorporate all three types into the workout routine of their clients. Let’s take a brief look at the 3 exercise types.


Aerobic exercise or endurance training can be defined as any type of physical activity that is long in duration yet relatively low in intensity. The principal of aerobic exercise entails using the same large muscle group rhythmically, for a period of 20 minutes or longer while maintaining the same intensity. Types of aerobic exercises include activities such as walking, jogging, swimming, and biking. When exercising aerobically, the body supplies oxygen to the process of burning stored fuel. This opens a metabolic pathway that results in the burning of fat rather than carbohydrates. Continuous aerobic exercise results in; improved muscular and cardiovascular endurance, weight loss, toned muscles, and increased lean body mass.


Also known as weight or resistance training, anaerobic exercise can be defined as any type of physical activity that requires a lot of effort. The principal of anaerobic exercise entails overloading the muscles of the body and causing them along with bones and ligaments to grow firmer, stronger, and fitter. Types of anaerobic exercises include sprinting and weight lifting. Anaerobic exercising cuts off oxygen supply to the process of burning stored fuel in the body. This opens up an entirely different metabolic pathway from that of aerobic exercise which results in the burning of carbohydrates in the body without using oxygen. Continuous anaerobic exercise results in stronger and bigger muscles and bones. This is beneficial as it allows you to do everyday tasks that involve lifting of various items more easily and safely.


Flexibility exercise is any type of physical activity that is designed to increase and maintain your body’s flexibility. Good examples of flexibility exercises include yoga and stretching. Continuous flexibility exercise helps to make joints and tendons more flexible thus allowing muscles to move further more easily and more freely. This type of exercise is important as it helps us avoid injury as well as enhance body posture and alignment. Some types of flexibility exercises can be done on injured muscles as a form of physical therapy to regain the use of those muscles.

As you can see, each type of exercise is important and has its place in a workout routine aimed at achieving health and fitness. Therefore it is essential to ensure that your workout program covers all three. And what better way to do that than seek the services of a personal trainer? A personal trainer will evaluate your current physical status and formulate a workout routine that is highly effective and all rounded.

Neil Stuart is an avid learner of the fitness and nutrition field. He strives at providing beginner exercisers with advice on general fitness through his articles. Neil urges you to click here if you are in need of an experienced personal trainer or are simply looking to expand your knowledge on the subject of physical fitness.